Thursday, 23 September 2021

MANUU College of Teacher Education-Bhopal Turns Single-Use Plastic Free Campus

 

Bhopal, 09th September 2021: As part of India’s plan to eliminate single-use plastics from the country by 2022, College of Teacher Education-Bhopal (a constituent college of Maulana Azad National Urdu University) has pledged and taken an initiative to make its campus single-use plastic free.

“Plastic pollution is a worldwide issue, with single-use plastics at the forefront. We are committed to eliminate all single-use plastics from our day-do-day lives, particularly from our campus,” stated Prof. Noushad Husain, Principal, College of Teacher Education.

Earlier, the Ministry of Education brought to the notice of all central universities (dated 16th August 2021) that Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change had framed the comprehensive action plan for elimination of identified single use plastics and implementation of plastic management rules 2016 to eliminate single-use plastic.

As directed by Maulana Azad National Urdu University, Hyderabad (02nd September 2021), College of Teacher Education-Bhopal has launched a slew of activities to eliminate single-use plastics from its campus. On this occasion, Prof. Noushad addressed the faculty members as well as other supporting staff.



In 2018, during the 45th World Environment Day celebrations, India took the pledge to eliminate all single-use plastics – carry bags, straws, and water bottles among others from the country by 2022.

“We need to work on providing easy to follow resources in order to reduce single-use plastic waste,” opined Prof. Noushad who floated several innovative ideas. He urged faculty members to inspire pre-service teachers to refuse to use single-use plastic.

On 09th September 2021, documentary film on plastic garbage was shown in Educational Technology (ET) Lab and the whole activities were conceptualized and executed by Dr. Neeti Dutta (Convener, Social & Cultural Committee) and her team members (Dr. Naheed Jahan Siddiqui and Mr. Saifuddin Ansari) in order to spread awareness, followed by a brainstorming session for minimizing and replacing plastic usage. During the brainstorming session, suggestions and innovation ideas were sought from the faculty members.

One of the innovative ideas came from Prof. Noushad who proposed to include an activity of making cloth bags by the pre-service teachers under the B.Ed. program which would be bought by faculty members and others in order to promote eco-friendly environment.



Further on 15th September 2021, workshop on making paper bags was held wherein all faculty members were provided with hands-on experience of how to make usable bags out of paper by Dr. Neeti Dutta. She also demonstrated how one can make cloth bags out of unusable clothes. In addition, she also led a team to dispose plastic items, thereby turning the Campus single-use Plastic Free.



Faculty members who actively participated in the activities were Prof. Abdul Raheem, Dr. Talmeez Fatma Naqvi, Dr. Khan Shahnaz Bano, Dr. Sakkeer V, Dr. Afaque Nadeem Khan, Dr. Rafeedali E, Dr. Jeena K G, Dr Jaki Mumtaj, Dr. Shabana Ashraf, Dr. Bhanu Pratap Pritam, Dr. Indrajeet Dutta, Dr. Shaikh Irfan Jamil, Mr. Shabbir Ahmed, Mr. Syed Md. Kahful Wara, Dr. Rubeena Khan, Ms. Abda Shabnam, Mrs. Tarannum Khan, Mr. Ahmad Husain, and Mr. Faheem Mohd. Khan.

Last but not least, special thanks to Mr. Syed Md. Kahful Wara and Mrs. Tarannum Khan along with ET Lab attendant Mr. Shabbir Ahmed for their technical support.

Thursday, 16 September 2021

Uniqueness of every child needs to be catered by teachers: Ms. Anita Karwal

With a view to strengthening foundational literacy and numeracy skills among learners, teachers need to have a mindset of a bit of change in order to cater to the uniqueness of every child, said Ms. Anita Karwal, Secretary (SE&L), Ministry of Education.

“Foundational literacy and numeracy are going to be driven only by teachers and the teachers will need to be having a mindset of a bit of change in their way they deliver education in the classroom and also the mindset of looking at the unique possibilities, the uniqueness of every child,” stated Ms. Karwal while chairing a webinar through virtual mode on 09th September 2021.

 


The webinar on “Foundational Literacy and Numeracy: A Pre-requisite to Learning and ECCE” is part of Shikshak Parv 2021 commencing from 5th September 2021 till 17th September 2021. The Shikshak Parv 2021 is being celebrated by the Department of School Education & Literacy, Ministry of Education. The theme for this year’s Shishak Parv has been decided keeping in view the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav celebrations, as ‘Quality and Sustainable Schools: Learnings from the Schools in India’.  

Ms. Karwal opined that every child learns at its distinct place, and therefore different interventions are required to deal with them.  “In a classroom of 30-35-40-60 students, each and every child is different and the typical chalk and board pedagogy that we have is not going to be adequate,” she said, adding that in a very challenging pandemic situation where children may have devices or may not have devices. 

“It’s actually a very difficult situation which requires a lot of deliberations and that is the reason why today we have administrators, planners, and people who are experts at governance, speaking to us along with the experts who have developed the NIPUN Bharat developmental goals and learning outcomes,” she said. 

“We lay a lot of emphasis on the foundational aspects of learning what we have seen in the last National Achievement Survey 2017. There is a long journey ahead of us,” Ms. Karwal said.  

“We need 100 % of our children to be proficient in their learning outcomes … and that is what we are working towards with the help of National Mission of Foundational Literacy and Numeracy that is NIPUN Bharat (launched on 5th July this year),” she said. 

The Secretary said that in a country with 36 states/UTs where very few of us has managed to open schools at the foundational level, adding that twenty (20) odd states have opened schools partially in the country, and only three (03) states (such as Lakshadweep and Ladakh) have opened schools from Class 1 onwards. “The need to continue education through various formats and modes is very essential,” she said.

Now delivering foundational learning to children who have never seen school particularly the new entrants in class 1 last year who have now gone to class 2, and the entrants in class 1 this year who have never seen schools. “It’s actually one of the most challenging exercises that the teacher will be required to deliver. In the center of all this is the teacher,” she said. 

While explaining the NIPUN Bharat intervention, Mr. Maneesh Garg, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Education, said that an enabling environment needs to be created to ensure universal acquisition of foundational literacy and numeracy so that by 2026-27 every child achieves the desired learning competencies in reading, writing and numeracy at the end of Grade III and not later than Grade V.

 


Explaining the developmental goals at the foundational stage, Prof. Sridhar Srivastava, Director (I/C), NCERT, said the first goal is to provide experience for health and well-being, socio-emotional development, nutrition, hygienic practices, and safety. Key competencies of the first goal are awareness of self, development of positive self-concept, self-regulation, pro-social behavior, decision-making and problem solving, healthy habits, hygiene, sanitation and self-protection, fine motor skills, eye-hand coordination, gross motor skills, and participation in individual and team games and sports.

He stated that the second goal is to build the foundations of language and literacy, adding its key competencies are broadly categorized into—talking and listening, reading with comprehension, and writing with purpose.



 

Prof. Srivastava said the third goal is to build foundations of numeracy, and provide direct experience and interactions with the physical, social and natural environment. Key competencies of the third goal are sensory development, cognitive skills, concepts related to environment, concept formation, number sense, number operations, measurement, shape, and data handling.

Prof. Suniti Sanwal, Head, Department of Elementary Education, NCERT, said for holistic development of children, developmental goals at the foundational stage (1st, 2nd, and 3rd) is to develop competency among children that would ultimately bring learning outcomes.

 


Prof. Sanwal further explained that competency mainly consists of three components—knowledge, skills, and attitude. Development in all these three components of competency will bring learning outcomes (observable and measurable in nature) among children. These learning outcomes among children will enable transfer of knowledge in real life situations.

Speaking at the webinar, Dr. T S Joshi, Director, Gujarat Council of Educational Research and Training (GCERT) quoted “Gijubhai Badheka” (1885-1939.) He was an educator who had helped to introduce Montessori education methods to India. He is referred to as "Moochhali Maa". 

 


Dr. Joshi connected the New Education Policy 2020 with the efforts and contributions of Gijubhai Badheka in the field of education.

Wednesday, 8 September 2021

Technology a reality; teachers need to be prepared accordingly: Prof. Ramesh Babu

Bhopal, 05th September 2021: With increasing use of technology that has almost replaced face to face learning, there is a dire need to prepare teachers accordingly, leading educationist Prof. B Ramesh Babu said on Sunday.

“You cannot set aside technology which has almost replaced face to face learning. Therefore, how to integrate technology in teaching-learning process is extremely important. The New Education Policy 2020 has given a big space for promotion of technology integration,” NCERT RIE-Bhopal Prof. Babu said while delivering an expert talk on Technology in Teaching & Learning.

The expert talk (online), which was organized by MANUU College of Teacher Education-Bhopal on the auspicious occasion of Teacher’s Day, witnessed participations of students, research scholars, and faculty from across the country.

Prof. Babu opined that teacher must understand the difference between tool and weapon prior to using technology during teaching-learning process. “For example, computer is a tool as well as weapon. Teacher must understand the difference between tool and weapon in classroom,” he said.

Stating that a tool is used for productive work whereas weapon used for destruction, Prof. Babu emphasized that teacher must know and use the right kind of technology or most appropriate one as per the need of diverse classroom.

Explaining the nature of technology, Prof. Babu stated, “technology simply amplifies ‘what is’ (referring to society)”. Whatever is prevalent in society be it inequality, inaccessibility or digital divide is amplified by technology, he opined.

He suggested a model of affordability, accessibility, and sustainability for technology integration. He said special attention should be given on cognitive accessibility as conceptual knowledge is not easily accessible; and here the role of teachers plays a crucial role.

“Technology is going to redefine teaching, learning and education that would bring in radical change. Relationship between teacher and student will undergo a change,” he stated.

According to Prof. Babu, there are four kinds/layers of teachers: preacher, teacher, transmitter, and facilitator. In the light of growing use of technology replacing offline teaching learning process, he said even transmitter has become facilitator. He also stated that students must be critical because education is always a critical process. 

The presidential address was given by Prof. Noushad Husain, Principal of MAUU College of Teacher Education-Bhopal. Prof. Husain, also the Chairman of the Expert Talk, thanked Prof. Babu for the excellent lecture on technology in teaching and learning.

The programme was convened by Dr. Neeti Dutta, Assistant Professor, MANUU College of Teacher Education, Bhopal and programme coordinators were Dr Naheed Siddiqui and Mr. Saifuddin Ansari.

Monday, 9 August 2021

Higher Education needs Quality enhancement: Prof. Mohd. Muzzamil

Bhopal, 09 August 2021:  Despite having one of the largest systems of higher education in India, there is a need to scale up the quality of higher education, renowned educationist and former Vice Chancellor of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar University Prof. Mohd. Muzzamil said on Monday.

Prof. Muzzamil, a visiting fellow at the Oxford University, stated this while delivering an online lecture on “Quality Education, Accreditation and Teacher Development” to mark the successful completion of one year of New Education Policy (NEP) 2020.

The online lecture was organized here today by the College of Teacher Education, Bhopal (a Constituent College of Maulana Azad National Urdu University, Hyderabad).

Prof. Muzzamil opined that the country has one of the largest systems of higher education in the world with 1043 universities, 42,000 colleges and a total enrollment of over 3.85 crore. He, however, expressed concern over the quality of higher education, saying “there is a lack of quality in higher education. Hence, there is a lot of scope for improvement.”

Highlighting the factors quality of higher education is dependent upon, Prof. Muzzamil opined as many as four things—students, teachers, infrastructure/facilities, and management—play a crucial role in enhancing the quality of higher education.

“Teachers need to be oriented, refreshed and trained,” he said, adding the New Education Policy (NEP) 2020 talks about quality of education and rightly states that teachers should be motivated and energized.

He also stressed on developing the required infrastructure/facilities in order to keep pace with the current demands and improve the quality of higher education. He added that management refers to the effective and efficient utilization of resources of institutions wherein the role of the leader (who is heading the organization) matters the most.

Besides, he also highlighted the role of government policy, public and private sector educational institutions, civil society, parents, bureaucracy, judiciary, etc. in enhancing the quality of higher education across the country. Referring to the World Development Report (2018), Prof. Muzzamil stated that “quality learning” is extremely important in realizing the fruits of education.

At last, he also emphasized on the “equity and inclusive” form of higher education (as it has rightly been stated in the NEP 2020) wherein how to bring up the underprivileged and downtrodden section of society to the desired level of higher education should be taken care of.

“At present, we are living in a VUCA (volatile, uncertainty, complexity and ambiguity) world. Still we are trying to maintain the quality of higher education,” stated Prof. Muzzamil who also held the position of vice chancellor of Mahatma Jyotiba Phule Rohilkhand University, Bareilly.

Last but not least, vote of thanks to the chief guest was given by Professor Noushad Husain, convenor cum Principal of MANUU College of Teacher Education- Bhopal. The online lecture was smoothly hosted by Associate Professor Dr. Talmeez Fatima Naqvi. Dr. Khan Shahnaz Bano briefed the lecture to the audience who represented various universities of the country.

 

Saturday, 7 August 2021

MANUU CTE Bhopal to organize Online Lecture on ‘Quality Education, Accreditation and Teacher Development’ on Monday

Bhopal, 07 August 2021:  MANUU College of Teacher Education, a premier institute of teacher education program in the city, will organize on August 09, 2021 an online lecture to mark the successful completion of one year of New Education Policy (NEP) 2020.

 

The lecture on “Quality Education, Accreditation and Teacher Development” will be delivered by Professor Mohd. Muzzamil, an eminent educationist who is a former vice chancellor of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Agra.

 

Prof. Muzzamil, the chief guest of the program, also held the position of vice chancellor of Mahatma Jyotiba Phule Rohilkhand University, Bareilly. 

 

The program will be presided over by Maulana Azad National Urdu University Vice Chancellor Professor Syed Ainul Hasan.

 

The convenor of the program is Professor Noushad Husain, Principal, MANUU College of Teacher Education, Bhopal. The program will be hosted by Associate Professor Dr. Talmeez Fatima Naqvi.

 

———END———

Source: Press Note

Monday, 7 June 2021

What is News?

What is News?

Well, we, human beings, always look for new things, fresh information about anything and everything that interests us. Our curiosities are being satisfied by most media of mass communication. Thus, we have become consumers of newspapers, radio and news channels, magazines and web portals, and other sources of mass media. Can anyone tell what these various forms of mass media largely depend on? Yes, it is “news” which is the major ingredient for most of the mass media.

In the present blog, the readers will be familiarized with the definition of news / what is meant by news? / What constitutes news? / Characteristics of news, news writing, structure of news story analysis, backgrounder, structure of backgrounder and difference between news analysis and background. Let’s start enjoying this good piece of writing…

What is meant by news? / Definition of news:

Anything that is new or comes for the first time in front of people is termed as “news”. Usually, news is a report of an event that has just taken place, providing information or description. It could also include depiction, delineation, statement, and narration of a development event, or occurrence.

“News is both a product and point of view. As a product, news is gathered processed, packaged. Newspapers, news services, news magazines, radio, television and cable station' and networks then present news to their respective audiences,” states George Hough, University of Georgia (the United States of America).

Sometimes, it is seen that an event which had already taken place earlier has not been reported yet. Since it has not been previously reported; therefore, its newness remains there. When such type of event is reported, it becomes news as it is coming for the first time in public domain.

News is something that at a particular moment happens to attract and hold the interest of the reader, or listener. A news story is a fair, accurate, concise, balanced account of a current event that is of interest to most people. The trouble with news is that it does not remain newsworthy for long.

Some of the famous definitions of news are as follows:


“News should be: Original, Distinctive, Romantic, Thrilling; Unique, Curious, Quaint, Humorous, Odd, and Apt-to-be talked about,” stated Joseph Pulitzer, the legendary American newspaper baron.

 

“Anything you can find out today that you didn't now before,” said Turner Cateledge, a former managing editor of the New York Times.

Wednesday, 29 March 2017

News Writing: five W's and one 'H'

Introduction:

Humans are inherently inquisitive creatures. They are constantly on the lookout for new knowledge on anything and everything that piques their interest. Most forms of mass communication have, for the most part, aided in gratifying human curiosity. Newspapers, magazines, books, radio, television, and other forms of mass media have all attempted to acquire and deliver information to those in need of it.

The most significant demand that these mass media fulfil is to provide the most recent news from where one is located, news from the area, news from the nation, country, and, of course, news from across the world. As a result, the news is the most crucial input that everybody seeks from a mass media. But what exactly is meant by "news"? What exactly is news? This and other relevant topics will be covered in this lecture.

Presentation of Content:

Most mass media outlets rely heavily on news. Newspapers, radio, and news networks all rely heavily on breaking news. Many periodicals and Internet portals do as well. The fact that so many media outlets deliver news demonstrates the importance of news. We will study about how news is written in this section. We will also concentrate on other news-related write-ups. This lesson's content will be delivered as follows:

  • News Definitions
  • News Characteristics
  • News Writing
  • Analysis of News Story Structure
  • Backgrounder
  • Structure of Backgrounder
  • The distinction between news analysis and background

Definition of News:

In general, news refers to anything that is new. A report about a recent incident is referred to as news. A thorough storey that offers information or a description is referred to as news. It may also comprise the representation, delineation, declaration, and narration of a development event or occurrence. The occurrence is frequently recent and new, or it was unknown previously.

News is a product as well as a point of view. News is gathered, processed, and packaged as a product. The news is then presented to their respective audiences via newspapers, news services, news magazines, radio, television, cable stations, and networks.

News is anything that happens to catch and retain the reader's or listener's interest at a specific time. A news storey is a fair, accurate, brief, and balanced description of a current event that is of general interest to the public. The problem with news is that it doesn't stay noteworthy for very long.

Several newspapers, editors, news reporters, prominent journalists, and numerous media instructors have tried to define news, but their definitions have not always stood the test of time. Among these are:

  • Anything out of the usual constitutes news.
  • Anything published in a newspaper that piques the interest of a significant number of people is considered news.
  • Newspaper people create news.
  • Good news is not news. News is anything announced by a high-ranking official.
  • The terms "news" and "truth" are not interchangeable.
  • The purpose of news is to alert people to an upcoming occurrence.
  • The term "news" refers to any current, up-to-date information on an event received from the North, East, West, and South (news)

Joseph Pulitzer, the great American newspaper tycoon, had his own definition of news. He once stated that news should be: original, distinct, romantic, and exhilarating; unique, curious, quaint, witty, odd, and appropriate to be discussed.

Turner Cateledge, a former managing editor of the New York Times, defined news as "whatever you can find out today that you didn't know previously."

In today's world, newscasters and media personalities are more likely to define news in terms of what consumers, readers, listeners, and viewers want to know.

Characteristics of News:

Despite several efforts to define "newsworthiness," news remains undefined. Perhaps it is not accessible to a succinct definition or a simple explanation. However, some components are present in news. Generally, the following elements or traits of news are regarded as reliable:

  • Timelines
  • Proximity
  • Prominence
  • Consequence
  • Human Concerns
  • Unusual occurrences such as mysteries,
  • conflicts
  • tragedies

News may be classified into the following categories: novelty, personal effect money, crime, sex, magnitude, religion, catastrophe, comedy, the underdog, science, entertainment, weather, food, minorities, and fashion.

Writing News Stories:

It is critical to understand that the goal of news writing is to disseminate information. It has been said that today's news is history tomorrow. As a result, news writing must be done with the goal of giving information that is true, objective, fair, balanced, accurate, precise, and to the point. News writing, on the other hand, is a skilled trade. Good reporters master their job and elevate it to the level of an art form.

It may be obtained via hard effort, devotion, understanding, and consistent and prolonged practise throughout time. To be successful, one must have a nose for news as well as the attributes of brain and heart. To write effective news, one must be highly adept and discriminative in attentively observing, hearing, and seeing things, events, and people, taking notes, and keeping a mental record of where to discover information sources. It also entails asking pertinent questions, as well as verifying, counter-checking, cross-checking, and double-checking facts. It necessitates the capacity to analyse and understand data obtained in a fair and impartial manner.

For news writing, one must instil a strong discipline of writing in the needed style, with the goal of presenting maximum information with the fewest words.

When properly written, a full news piece should typically address the following six questions:

WHO - is or are involved?

WHEN-did the event take place?

WHERE -did the event take place?

WHY -did it take place?

WHAT -did actually take place? and

HOW -did it take place?

 


These questions are referred to as the five W's and one H. These questions are at the core and soul of a well-written news piece. Again, if a news storey directly attracts individuals, it will have a broad impact.

Example of a News Story: 

Here's an example of a reasonably well-written news report introduction:

"A 25-year-old lady from Jaipur, Mrs. Sarla Choudhaiy, was shot by a Delhi Police officer in a packed Connaught Place shop this evening." When the accident occurred, her husband, Rajesh, and mother-in-law, Mrs. Rani Chowdhary, were with her. She went shopping for utensils for her newlywed daughter in Delhi. Ram Narain, the police officer, has been detained and is being held in jail. Mrs. Sarla Chowdhary's body has been transported to RLM hospital for post-mortem."

Here's another example of a piece of excellent news:

"Kanpur, 17 March— A two-and-a-half-year-old girl was brutally murdered today in a village here, reportedly by three youngsters while playing beneath a tree, according to police. "On Sunday evening, the boys, aged three to four, reportedly stoned the child, then got a kitchen knife from the house to stab her, and disposed of the corpse in a nearby drain in Hathipur village," SSP M A Ganapathy said.

During interrogation, the youngsters told the storey in a childlike manner, he claimed. Although the beating and stoning appear to be unintended, Mr. Ganapathy believes criminal intent could not be ruled out since they attempted to dispose of the body. No charges have been filed against the three because, according to Section 82 of the Indian Penal Code, a crime committed by a kid under the age of seven is not deemed a crime, he said, adding that police were examining the matter. Children from low-income households stated they liked watching action movies and learned how to stab from them. During interrogation, the youngsters told the storey in a childlike manner, he claimed. Although the beating and stoning appear to be unintended, Mr. Ganapathy believes criminal intent could not be ruled out since they attempted to dispose of the body. No charges have been filed against the three because, according to Section 82 of the Indian Penal Code, a crime committed by a kid under the age of seven is not deemed a crime, he said, adding that police were examining the matter. Children from low-income households stated they liked watching action movies and learned how to stab from them.

The Police Inspector-General According to Mr. L. P. Mishra, the police apprehended them after registering a murder case against them. The kids did not hesitate to confess their crime to the cops. They also informed police that they had witnessed similar incidents in movies. He stated that this was most likely the sole event of its sort in the country.

 

 

Structure of a News Story:

The "inverted pyramid" approach and style of drafting a news storey is commonly used. Despite various developments and modifications in news writing styles and procedures over the years, most news articles remain adhere to the inverted pyramid form, style, and tactics. The inverted pyramid structure of news suggests that the most significant information will be shown first. This is referred to as the "lead." The lead is sometimes known as the "intro" or "introduction" since it introduces the news piece.

Lead could be of several types:

Name Lead: When the individual(s) mentioned in the news is/are significant.

Quotation Lead: When what is said is critical to the news item.

Short Lead: In three or four words, conveys the most crucial portion of the news: 'Nehru is dead.'

Negative Lead: There are no survivors from the railway catastrophe that happened yesterday.

Suspended Interest Lead: When three isn't the main emphasis of the tale, but it still deserves to be told. It is sometimes referred to as a "Featurised lead."

Question Lead: The first statement raises significant concerns, such as who is to blame for the state of Delhi's roadways.

Direct Quotation Lead: When the opening paragraph opens with a citation from a V.I.P.'s speech or statement

Contrast Lead: A lead that compares the two contrasting circumstances in order to draw attention to the emphasis. For example, when one considers ongoing cases in courts, it is difficult to understand what characterises the easygoing attitude of government employees. A lead that compares the two contrasting circumstances in order to draw attention to the emphasis. For example, when one considers ongoing cases in courts, it is difficult to understand what characterises the easy-going attitude of government employees.

Then, there are other leads such as:

·         Descriptive lead

·         Parody lead

·         Chronological lead, and

·         Staccato lead (stop and start lead)

Following the lead, the following sections would be produced in a logical order to support the lead. That is, the second most significant fact is presented first, followed by the third, fourth, and so on. The tale is usually written in short paragraphs. Each phrase should be no more than two dozen words long, and each paragraph should be no more than two or three sentences long. Though the inverted pyramid format is appropriate for hard news, it is not appropriate for soft news, feature news, or even sports news.

  1. First paragraph: Most Important point
  2. Second Para: The second important point
  3. Third Para: The next important point
  4. Fourth Para: The next important point
  5. Fifth Para: The next important point

 Examples of Lead or Introduction:

As previously indicated, the news item is constructed in such a way that the "lead" carries the event's main focus. This is referred to as the "Summary lead," as well as the five W's and one H.

For Example:

The corpse of Ramesh 21, a Delhi student, was recovered on the city's major market square yesterday by Hisar police.

Here’s another example:

Ram Chand, a 33-year-old Chandigarh shopkeeper, was murdered when a Delhi-bound Punjab Roadways bus collapsed on the outskirts of Kamal on Monday morning.

Normally, the lead should answer all or as many of the six (five W's and one H) questions as possible. If the person killed is a minister, the lead could emphasise "who"; if the accident occurred in a busy market place, "where" could be emphasised; if the mishap occurred due to the carelessness of the driver, "why" and "how" could be highlighted; if the number of deaths or property loss is very high, "what" could be the lead and if time is critical, "when" would be the lead of the storey automatically.

Furthermore, in news reports about everyday occurrences, the reporter must pick which of the W's should be stressed.

For example:

On Monday night, a devastating tyre exploded in Delhi's Rajpath slum, destroying 120 thatched houses. There were no fatalities recorded.

Yet another lead of an ordinary event:

5th of January, Hisar Anil and Sunil, two eight-year-old boys, were abducted on Saturday from the Local DAV School field where they were playing yesterday afternoon.

News Analysis:

News analysis is a style of writing in which the author discusses the relevance and significance of a certain development or event. Facts obtained on the scene or from a variety of different sources are used to write news pieces. Most news events are forgotten once they appear in newspapers, as you may have seen.

However, there are certain news events that are extremely significant in a variety of ways. Furthermore, there are other concerns on which, if a certain development occurs, various channels for additional reporting open up.

For example, Prime Minister Vajpayee's bus trip to Lahore is seen as a significant step in normalising ties between India and Pakistan. As is generally known, India and Pakistan have a number of bilateral concerns that need to be resolved. This visit by India's Prime Minister is seen to be very important at the age of 80. A write-up or news analysis of this event will explain to the reader the complete slew of problems that could be addressed or the entire range of pending issues between the two countries that might be resolved by the goodwill generated by the Prime Minister's bus excursion.

Again, subjects connected to women's empowerment, such as the adoption of the Women's Reservation Bill, or the American President's visit to India, such as the 1998 nuclear test at Pokharn, can be examined in depth.

Structure of News Analysis:

A news analysis is often composed of the following steps: a broad introduction pertaining to the news development, when and how it occurred; why and for what reasons it occurred; and placing it in correct perspective. Explaining the relevance from a historical standpoint, stating facts and numbers, and providing names; quotations, data, and events that contributed to the current development. Then, anticipating probable future developments, the reasons for these developments, the people involved, and the ultimate solution or final shape of things to come as a result of the new turn of events. The writer usually writes this piece while keeping the newspaper or magazine's policy in mind. However, these sorts of write-ups are frequently done objectively.

Backgrounder:

As newspapers aim to deliver all types of information on all potential current topics of interest. There are certain subjects that stay in the headlines and are relevant for years. A backgrounder is intended to give information about a topic in chronological sequence. This allows the reader to put a problem into context and appropriately appreciate the subject in light of current developments. In general, a backgrounder traces the issue back to the day it first drew the attention of the news media. For example, if the President's rule is established in a certain state owing to poor law and order, the backgrounder will include detailed facts on when and how the state fell under President's control. In the international context, if a coup occurs in any country due to civil conflict or another reason, the backgrounder will discuss the history of that country.

How to write a Backgrounder?

To write a backgrounder on a specific subject, one must first describe the present state of affairs and then trace back to earlier occurrences. This would be done in a logical and historical chronological manner, with the date, month, and year of each linked event provided. Other facts, such as human life losses, property losses, and so on, will also have to be provided. Furthermore, "how did the situation return to normal" will need to be provided. These might be described using charts, images, or other visual aids.

The backgrounder is provided in plain language that avoids elaborating on subtle points of writing. The goal is to tell the reader with historical and chronological information on recent advancements in the events.

Difference Between News Story and Backgrounder:

While the news analysis section describes the relevance, cause, and effect of an issue, the backgrounder section looks into the event's history and chronology. A backgrounder does not voice his or her viewpoint, but a news analysis writer may critique, celebrate, or condemn the development. The backgrounder is an unbiased, plain, and straightforward historical overview of the issue or subject. A backgrounder must have substantial information and numbers, statistics, tables, graphs, and images. Only the facts and data required to convey the relevance of the event, topic, or development are used in news analysis.